The Structure Of The Argumentative Text

The Structure Of The Argumentative Text

Argumentative Text

The structure of an argumentative text does not follow a rigid framework. Some of its components may be absent or displaced depending on the texts. Also, in the development text, it is possible to use a single argumentative process (argumentative explanation or refutation) or both.

Outline of an argumentative text


1. Subject brought up

2. Subject and posed

3. Thesis

4. Subject divided


Argumentative explanation

1.  Use of a textual organizer

2.  Presentation of the thesis and the argument

3. Development of the argument and use of argumentative explanation procedures

4.  Formulation of a partial conclusion


1.  Use of a textual organizer

2.  Presentation of the counter-thesis and the counter-argument

3.  Use of an argument supporting the defended thesis

4.  Development of the argument and use of refutation procedures

5.  Formulation of a partial conclusion


1. Reminder of the thesis and arguments (summary)

2. Opening

1. What is an argumentative essay?

The essay is an organized set of sentences whose purpose is to support reasoning, to convince someone of their point of view. Even if the general structure of the essay is not very different from an argumentative text it is nevertheless not an opinion text, it obeys very precise rules in the exhibition. We have chosen to approach the argumentative essay using daily subjects; When the structure of the essay is well understood, students will be better prepared to deal with literature questions through an argumentative essay.

2. Write the three parts of the essay 

To pass the test of the argumentative essay, you need regular training, of course, but if the student has a precise working method, he will certainly have a good starting point. 

Hook or primer

It’s more than an introduction: it must hold and stimulate the reader’s attention to make them want to read the rest of the article. How? ‘Or’ What? By asking a question, by presenting a fact likely to touch the reader …

Corpses, beheadings, executions… Images of violence are often hidden by the media.


This is the question that can be answered in the development of the essay. It is a question of presenting the subject from which one must develop decision-making which will be defended throughout the test.

Can a television show everything to respect the veracity of the information? / Why show or hide certain images in the media?


It is the presentation of the structure of development. There are generally two types of shot:

– Dialectical shot: when the subject is closed; it is a plan which is appropriate for all the subjects which invite to weigh the pros and cons. It is developed in three phases, antithesis (or questioning of certain points of the thesis), and synthesis (by relying on what has been shown we arrive at an overview).

– Thematic plan: when the subject is open. ; he considers the different aspects of a question (what are the ethical limits, the right to the truth, the impact of these images on children, etc.). It is a plan where each part develops a particular theme to the subject Air Zodiac Signs.

Can a television show everything to respect the veracity of the information?


This is the part of the exercise that corresponds to the organization of the arguments on which the problem is based. It should follow the plan and will consist of paragraphs that will highlight its logical progression.  

Each paragraph should contain:

1. The wording of the argument

2. The explanation of the argument  

3. Examples that help to clarify the argument In the television news, you have to show what is necessary to understand the facts (argument); the dissemination of videos which convey shocking images, (explanation of the argument) as is the case with conflicts, massacres, and shootings (examples),  have never stopped the war. 

The conclusion 

The essential rule of the conclusion is that it must answer the problem. Like the introduction, the conclusion consists of a single paragraph. It should not continue the argument but summarize the gist of what has been said on the subject.   

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