Information About Aloe Vera Cultivation – Step By Step Guidance
Aloe vera cultivation is a very beneficial and worthwhile plant that is famous across the World. The medical quality of aloe vera makes it more valuable and a favorite of everyone. This medical plant is also known as a herb and widely used to make medicines. The history of aloe vera is ancient, probably of the fourth century. It has been used as a medicine since ancient times, and the tradition continues today.
Aloe vera has a great presence in various sectors like the medical sector, cosmetic sector, food sector, etc. And that is why its demand and need is increasing with time. Hence, after seeing its increasing demand, the cultivation is also enhanced.
So if you want to do aloe vera cultivation, then this blog is the correct place for you as here we provide complete guidelines of aloe vera cultivation to help you.
Benefits of Aloe Vera
As we already mentioned below, aloe vera is a medicinal plant that has many benefits regarding health. Aloe vera leaves, juice, jelly, everything is beneficial and healthy for everyone. Most doctors always suggest using aloe vera to keep ourselves healthy. Some more benefits of aloe vera are mentioned below, which increase your knowledge about aloe vera and help you to stay healthy.
- Taking aloe vera juice improves appetite and aids digestion.
- Mixing sugar in aloe vera juice and drinking it cures cough and catarrh.
- It also treats nervous debility, asthma, jaundice etc.
- Constipation is cured by taking the meat of its leaves (about 7-Sg) mixed with honey and taking it in the morning and evening.
- It is also beneficial medicine for many other diseases.
- Aloe vera has many organic compounds which help cure diseases.
- It is also beneficial for burning skin as it heals the burning area.
- Mainly aloe vera is helpful for skincare. This medical plant is suitable for all types of skins and hasn’t any side effects. For acne, aloe is the perfect and valuable choice.
- It is loaded with many antioxidants and anti-bacterial properties.
- Aloe vera reduced body weight and hair fall.
- The medical plant is profitable for heartburn, lower blood sugar, and wound healing.
- It reduced side effects and health risks.
- It is very profitable for oral health.
Step By Step Guidelines For Aloe Vera Cultivation
We bring you steps for the successful cultivation of the medicinal plant aloe vera.
Aloe Vera Cultivation
- Aloe vera is one of the famous medical plants known as herbs. This plant is an essential part of the Liliaceae family.
- It is a perennial plant that has 1½ – 2½ ft in height.
- The cultivation of aloe vera is called “Phyllotaxy”.
- Aloe vera leaves are long, juicy, and thick. On both sides of the leaves is a throne structure with the tip of a throne.
- There is jelly inside the leaves of aloe vera, which has a bitter taste and bad odour.
- The leaf length is 25–30 cm, while the width is up to 3–5 cm.
- Many different types of tractors and farm machines are used for aloe vera cultivation, such as cultivators, harrow, digger, and many more.
- Many tractor brands are available which provide different types of powerful tractors and farm implementations. But the Belarus tractor brand is most popular as it has the expertise to make farm implements and tractors according to the Indian farmers and Indian fields. Also, Belarus tractor prices are low and affordable for all.
Application of Plant Nutrients
- Apply about 8-10 tonnes of cow dung/ha (field manure/ha) before preparing the land.
- Add 35 kg N (Nitrogen), 70 kg P 20 5, Potassium Humate Shiny Flakes (K 20 10%) per hectare before final ploughing.
- 35–40 kg N is applied in September – October, and if the soil contains more organic matter, then N drops are reduced.
- To control termites, 350-400 kg neem cake/ha.
Irrigation and Intercultural
- Weeding and hoeing are done after about 40 days.
- Soil ploughing is also practised after composting.
- Therefore, proper drainage is more critical than irrigation.
- Light irrigation is sufficient at the time of drought as per the requirement.
- Aloe vera plants require special protection and care as the jelly or juice is directly taken from the aloe vera leaves to use as medicine.
- Insects and pests are very harmful to aloe vera leaves as they very severely affected the leaves.
- For conservation, the plant requires clean farming, regular irrigation and the use of organic manure.
- The use of biological sources is another tip for plant protection.
- Cultivation of aloe vera in sunny conditions is favourable for the healthy growth of aloe vera plants.
- An organic source of plant protection material such as raw garlic juice, neem oil (10,000 ppm) 2–3 ml/litre, tobacco extracts 20 ml/litre yielded outstanding results.
Harvesting Of Aloe Vera
- Aloe vera harvesting starts after the 7-8 months of planting.
- Use a sharp knife to harvest aloe vera plants. Cut aloe vera very carefully as proper care minimizes the loss of juice from the sliced portion.
- If you want to do harvesting once a year, then the period of October-November is the best.
- Second-year provides a high yield and can harvest a good outcome for about 4-5 years.
- After harvesting, leaves are dried in the shade and then before storage in the sun.
- The flowers are collected in December – January and preserved after proper drying.
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