Significant Reasons Behind Low Back Pain
Low back pain is most commonly caused by mechanical problems and soft-tissue injuries. These injuries include injury to the intervertebral disks, compression of nerve root, and improper movement.
A torn or pulled ligament and/or muscle is the most common cause of lower-back pain.
Ligament Sprain and Muscle Strains
Low back strain or sprain can occur suddenly or slowly from repetitive movements. Strains are caused by a muscle being stretched too far, causing tears and resulting in injury to the muscle. Sprains occur when ligaments are damaged by over-stretching or tearing. These connect the bones together.
Practically, it doesn’t matter if the ligament or muscle is injured, as long as the symptoms are the same.These are the most common causes of strain and sprain: Lifting heavy objects or twisting your spine while lifting
Sudden movements that put too much stress on your low back, like a fall, can cause sudden movements. Bad posture can lead to poor health.
Sports injuries are more common in those sports that involve twisting and large forces of impact. Although sprains or strains don’t sound serious, they can cause severe pain. And you are advised to consult a back pain doctor in Torrance if in pain.
Lower Back Pain Causes
Chronic pain is defined as one that lasts more than three months or exceeds the body’s natural healing process. A disc problem, joint problem, or irritated nerve root are common causes of chronic low back pain. These are some of the common causes:
Lumbar herniated disk. A jelly-like centre of a lumbar disc may break through the tough outer layers and cause irritation to a nearby nerve root. The herniated disc contains proteins that can cause nerve root pain. Nerve fibers are also abundant in the disc wall, so a tear in it can cause severe pain. It is better for you to consult with spine specialist south bay for effective results.
Degenerative disc diseases. Inter vertebral disks are healthy and full of water at birth. As we age, our discs become less hydrated and more fragile. The disc becomes less hydrated and cannot resist forces. This causes tears, weakening, or pain to the disc walls. Stenosis can also be caused by disc collapse. And it is recommended for you to consult with a lower back pain doctor because this problem could turn dangerous pretty soon.
Facet joint dysfunction. Two facet joints are located behind each disc at the motion segment of the lumbar spine. These joints are made up of cartilage between bones and are enclosed by a capsular ligament. This ligament is richly innervated with nerves. These joints can be painful by themselves or when combined with disc pain.
Sacroiliac dysfunction. The sacrum connects the base of the spine with each side of your pelvis. It is a strong joint with low motion that absorbs tension and shock between the upper and lower bodies. If the sacroiliac joints become inflamed (sacroiliitis), or if the joint moves too fast or too slow, it can cause pain.
Spinal Stenosis. This condition results in pain due to narrowing of the spinal canal, where nerve roots are situated. It can occur at one level or several levels of the lower back.
Spondylolisthesis. When one vertebra slides over the next one. There are five types of (spondylolisthesis), but the most common is secondary to a fracture or defect in the pars (between facet joints) or mechanical instability (degenerative). Instability (back) and compression of nerves (leg) can cause pain.
Osteoarthritis. It is caused by wear and tear on the disc and facet joint. It can cause pain, inflammation, instability, stenosis, and instability to a variable degree. It can be at one level or several levels of the lower spine. Slowly progressive, spinal osteoarthritis can be associated with aging. It can also be called spondylosis, degenerative joint disease, or spondylosis.
Deformity. Curvature can include scoliosis and psychosis. If the deformity causes lower back pain, such as stenosis, facet joint or disc breakdown, it can also cause lower back pain.